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Energy Poverty in Canada

A Conversation with Abhi Kantamneni from Efficiency Canada. Energy poverty is multifaceted. Abhi describes the evolution of the term “energy poverty” and the critical research conducted by Efficiency Canada around data analysis, and advocacy efforts aimed at addressing energy poverty.

Defining Energy Poverty:

Abhi traces the origins of “energy poverty” back to academic literature in the late ’80s and early ’90s. Initially describing situations in developing countries, the definition has evolved to encompass household challenges in meeting energy needs. In the Canadian context, it extends beyond remote indigenous communities to include situations where households struggle to pay energy bills, leading to social and economic inequalities.

Crunching the Numbers:

As self-proclaimed “energy data nerds,” Abhi and his team utilize various data sources, including the Canadian census, to analyze energy use and costs across demographics. They examine how income, housing type, and other variables intersect with energy poverty. Abhi emphasizes the difficulty of measuring energy poverty, given its private nature, and highlights the need for a holistic view combining quantitative and qualitative insights.

Diverse Challenges, Diverse Solutions:

Energy poverty is not a one-size-fits-all problem. Abhi emphasizes the importance of understanding how different groups, such as newcomers, seniors, and single-parent households, experience energy poverty uniquely. The challenges range from lack of knowledge about energy-efficient practices to language barriers in accessing relevant information. To address these issues, Abhi advocates for tailored solutions and inclusive policies.

Efficiency Canada's Three Pillars:

Efficiency Canada operates on three pillars: research, communications, and organizing. Abhi discusses their ongoing research projects, including a comprehensive study on energy poverty over the next few years. The team aims to bridge the gap between academia and advocacy by communicating research findings to governments, mobilizing advocates, and providing tools for effective communication with policymakers.

Successes and Advances:

Abhi highlights significant achievements resulting from Efficiency Canada’s advocacy efforts. Notably, language supporting low-income energy efficiency found its way into a federal supply and confidence agreement. The federal government has also started incorporating low-income energy efficiency principles into programs, such as the Greener Homes Initiative. Abhi outlines their short-term goals, urging a firm commitment to inclusivity in the next federal budget.

How You Can Make a Difference:

Efficiency Canada offers a suite of policy tools for individuals passionate about advocating for change. Abhi encourages listeners to explore their websites, participate in ongoing campaigns, and use provided tools to engage with policymakers. By combining personalized stories with data-driven insights, individuals can contribute to shaping policies that address energy poverty in their communities.


The podcast conversation with Abhi Kantamneni provides a comprehensive understanding of energy poverty in Canada and the crucial work undertaken by Efficiency Canada. As we navigate the complexities of social and economic inequalities, addressing energy poverty emerges as a key step toward creating a more inclusive and sustainable future for all Canadians.

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